Author Archives: Bernie

Bitmap2LCD … why not LCD2Bitmap ?

Bitmap2LCD is a tool for programming small Graphic LCDs in embedded systems.

Bitmap2LCD … why not LCD2Bitmap ?

Reverse engineering : Convert an existing Data Array (or Hex File) to a Bitmap

Update V3.7e , monochrome only

Want to convert 8 bit GLCD data array from an old project to a 16 bit GLCD data array in a new project ?

Want to recover the image from of an old GLCD data array source ?

 

bitmap2lcd-glcd-array-to-bitmap

  • Load a source into Text editor ( Red arrow )  or click on source file inside Text editor
  • Data array inside Text Editor ( Green arrow )
  • Import Data to Graphic  ( Blue Arrow )

For monochrome GLCD data arrays of 8, 16 and 32 bit – bytes/words – , it is possible with bitmap2LCD !

Set your work Canvas Height and Width to a compatible size with the number of data in the array loaded in the text editor, set the byte word  Width to 8 16 or 32bits (in the output main menu) , select the data direction (horizontal or vertical) and click one of the import Data Array buttons. If it matches with the data count, the Work Canvas will show the graphic.

For example in a file an array of 2560 bytes ( 0x00 – 0xFF )

( Width * Height ) Pixels per byte =  (160 * 128) / 8 = 2560 bytes

Import the array into the work canvas and save the work canvas as bitmap.

bitmap2lcd-import-data-to-graphic

Settings :

Define the Hex byte prefix to be found inside the source file

bitmap2lcd-glcd-array-to-bitmap-settings

Editable Font From Scratch

Bitmap2LCD is a tool for programming small Graphic LCDs in embedded systems.

Editable Font From Scratch scratchxxx

Standard Edition

bitmap2lcd-glcd-editable-font-menu

  • In the GLCD Font Menu, click Editable from Scratch scratchxxx (red arrow)

bitmap2lcd-editable-font_7

  • Define the size of the font (orange arrow)
  • Draw pixels on the Char view (green arrow)

bitmap2lcd-editable-font_8

Then use the drop down menu at the left or the buttons (purple arrow) to manage the editable font creation.

You can export and import the selected char to/from the Work Canvas.

bitmap2lcd-glcd-editable-font_10

Import System Chars into the Font Editor

Bitmap2LCD is a tool for programming small Graphic LCDs in embedded systems.

Import System Chars into the Font Editor

Update V3.7e , Standard Edition

bitmap2lcd-glcd-font-menu

Let’s see how we can export selected characters out of a Windows System font into the Font Editor of Bitmap2LCD :

  • Create a GLCD Font Script by clicking the Main menu item or the Font Panel Button (blue arrow)
  • Choose a Font Name and define its size

bitmap2lcd-editable-font_1

  • In the “Ascii Grid“, select the chars you want to export, here for example A, B and C  (red arrow)
  • In the menu, click on item ” Start editable font Export > Editable (Translate LCD Font Script to an Editable Font (green arrow)

bitmap2lcd-editable-font_2

The “editable font” has been created. It is an Editable Font File (EFF) and an associated GIF file, which is the catalogue of char bitmaps. Both files are located in the Fonts folder.

  • Quit Font Script Creator mode and Open editable (orange Arrow)

bitmap2lcd-editable-font_3

In this example, the selected font name and font size were Aria Unicode MS and 20, in this case the filename of the file will be Arial Unicode MS_20Editable_Font.EFF

bitmap2lcd-editable-font_4

The patterns of theses 3 chars (green Arrow) can now be freely edited.

Example 2

In the first example above, the height of the chars is 25 pixels.

This time, we want to limit the Size of chars in Height and in Width and export a Fixed Size Font.

  • Change the first 3 Parameters (purple arrow) and you will see a red frame in the char View (green arrow)
  • Export To editable (blue arrow)

bitmap2lcd-editable-font_5

  • You get these editable chars

bitmap2lcd-editable-font_6

 

Creating A GLCD Font

Creating A GLCD Font

Standard Edition , Update V3.7c

Bitmap2LCD can generate two different types of GLCD Fonts :

  • System Fonts : Fonts of the Operating System, like .TTF (True Type Fonts) , .FON
  • Editable Fonts : Fonts you can edit yourself (modifying the pixels) from a system font source, or Fonts you can create from scratch.

There are ANSI Fonts (system) , Unicode Fonts (system) and Editable Fonts (custom)

bitmap2lcd-font-menu

Choose the main menu GLCD Fonts tab, and click Enter Font Script Mode item to enter Font Creation Mode

Data Setting Parameters are located in Data tab. You can edit the values by clicking on parameter value of the parameter list, only when in Font Script Mode and with Standard Edition.

At the top of the font panel , the caption includes [Font Script Mode] when in Font creation Mode. Use the Door Icon exiz Button to exit this mode when willing to quit.

bitmap2lcd font creation

 

bitmap2lcd Font Panel 2

fontw Enter Font Script Mode

In Font Script Mode (see caption at the top) select a list of chars to export with the mouse (Orange arrow) or write or paste a list of characters into the field (blue arrow)

To delete the selected list , use the [Clr] button or the Clear Selected Chars List drop down menu item (Green arrow)

There are 3 different Font types : ANSI, Unicode or Editable (see Red Arrow)

A right side of the font panel, there’s a field where you can define the Font Export parameters (Purple arrows) in the Data tab -> See screenshot below

For example the Font Data Structure : Raw Font or Structured Font

NOTE : With Trial/Demo Version, there’s a limitation : Only Char “A” is generated as an example !

bitmap2lcd-font-parameters

Example : Modifying a Font Generator Parameter

 

Buttons

fontw Enter Font Script Mode

Start  convert selected List of chars to GLCD data

exiz  Exit Font Script Mode

toolSyntaxbig Font Settings

 

The Font Script (Red Arrow) can be found in the Script (or Name.FSC) Tab of the Text editors. The script itself is not editable. The parameters can be set in the Font Panel, and the orientation of data generation and endianness at the top of the script (Blue Arrow)

bitmap2lcd Font Script Panel 3

The GLCD data generated can be found in the Text editor, first Editor tab on the left

bitmap2lcd Font Gen

Next screenshot shows a comment block at the right side that shows the character of the generated data.  ( monochrome, 8 bit output only )

bitmp2lcd-font-output

 

Rotating A GLCD font charset with Bitmap2LCD

Bitmap2LCD is a tool for programming small Graphic LCDs in embedded systems and a programmable text processing tool.

Rotating A GLCD font charset with Bitmap2LCD

Update V3.7c

Here’s an example on how to rotate a selected charset of a system font (90 degrees CW)

1.  In the GLCD font main menu, click on the Enter font Script Mode item

2.  Select the system Font, the font size and the fixed font option  (Green Arrow)

3. Select the set of chars you want to rotate Inside the font panel, for example here  ABCDE (Red Arrow)

bitmap2lcd-rotate-font_1

4.  in the Font Edition main menu , or on the Editors Panel click the Convert LCD Font script to an editable Font button ( Start editable font Orange Arrow fig 1)

 

Answer to the dialogs, until you see the open editable button in the dialog

–> A .EFF (Editable Font File) has been created

Then, you can see the editable font chars in the char list  (orange Arrow, fig. 2)

5. Rotate the chars 90 degrees clockwise (Purple Arrow )

bitmap2lcd-rotate-font_2

–> The font has been rotated

bitmap2lcd-rotate-font_3

6. Convert Font Script to Data ( Yellow Arrow)

7. Job done !

 

 

 

Bitmap2LCD :: Generating International Fonts / Characters

Bitmap2LCD is a tool for programming small Graphic LCDs in embedded systems and a programmable graphic and text processing tool.

Bitmap2LCD :: Generate International Fonts / Characters

Standard Edition Update V3.7c

There are different ways to select the Unicode characters to generate GLCD Font data.

  •  Enter Font Script Mode ( in the GLCD Font Main Menu ) , select the Unicode mode , the font, the font Size and Unicode Block.
  • Select the Chars to export with the mouse inside the grid ( Are selected = Teal Color )
  • Generate Data  Start

bitmap2lcd-unicode-font_1

way to generate GLCD Fonts, for example when more than 256 Chars :

  •  Enter Font Script Mode ( in the GLCD Font Main Menu ) , select the Unicode mode , the font, the font Size and Unicode Block.
  • Enable the Address Range Selection (red Arrow)
  • Enter the Start and End Hexadecimal Addresses ( From Hex and To Hex )
  • Generate Data  Start

bitmap2lcd-unicode-font_2

Then read the font script (see below) for the other settings to be defined first to generate Font Data : The data orientation, the endianness, the Font Size, if fixed or variable length etc…

bitmap2lcd-unicode-font_3

 

 

Bitmap2LCD : Shades of Gray

Bitmap2LCD is a software tool for programming small Graphic LCDs in embedded systems and a programmable text and graphic processing tool.

Shades of Gray

Update V3.7c

Bitmap2LCD can generate data array for Graphic LCD of  4 , 16, 32 and 256 shades of gray

There are several setting options in the Output + Settings Main menu to do this, as shown below :

bitmap2lcd-gray-shades

 

Here are the color pickers in the 32, 4 and 16 shades of gray modes :

Bitmap2LCD Grayscale Color Pickers

For example, in the 32 gray levels mode, the shades between the white color to the black color will output data per pixel from 0 to 31 decimal , or the opposite, from 31 to 0 decimal, see the above blue arrow if you invert the Gray Shades Palette of the Color Picker and Data Palette of the tool.

 

Grayscale Palettes

RGB (Red,Green,Blue) values in Hexadecimal :

4 Gray Shades Palette :

000000 555555 AAAAA FFFFFF

16 Gray Shades Palette :

RGB = 000000, 111111, 222222, 333333 until  FFFFFF

32 Gray Shades Palette :

RGB = FFFFFF, F7F7F7, EFEFEF, E7E7E7, DFDFDF, D7D7D7 , CFCFCF, C7C7C7,BFBFBF, B7B7B7, AFAFAF, A7A7A7, 9F9F9F, 979797,8F8F8F, 878787, 7F7F7F, 777777, 6F6F6F, 676767, 5F5F5F, 575757, 4F4F4F,474747, 3F3F3F, 373737, 2F2F2F, 272727, 1F1F1F, 171717, 0F0F0F, 000000

 

 

Families of Fonts in Bitmap2LCD

Families of Fonts in Bitmap2LCD

Bitmap2LCD is a software tool for programming small Graphic LCDs in embedded systems and a programmable text and graphic processing tool.

Update V3.7c

With Bitmap2LCD , you can of course write text and place symbols and glyphs inside the WORK CANVAS. by the way, Some system fonts families ARE collection of glyphs. You can find fonts on specialized websites like dafont.com and easily install them on you computer.

With Bitmap2LCD Standard Edition, you can also generate GLCD fonts to data arrays, in other words, convert the matrix of pixels of the glyphs into hexadecimal  data.

Families of Fonts

ANSI FONTS

Generate GLCD Fonts from System Fonts ( Glyphs are not editable )

fontw Open / create a Font     exiz Quit Font Script Mode

Directly select chars to convert to data inside the ASCII grid

bitmap2lcd-font-families

 

UNICODE FONTS ( International Characters Sets )

Generate GLCD Fonts from Unicode System Fonts ( Glyphs are not editable )

fontw Open / create a Font     exiz Quit Font Script Mode

bitmap2lcd-font-families-unicode

EDITABLE FONTS ( Freely Editable Fonts )

Create glyphs from scratch or export Chars from a System Font ( Glyphs are editable )

qervg2 List Editable Fonts  scratchw Create Editable Font From Scratch

exiz Quit Editable Font Script Mode

Bitmap2LCD Editable Font

 

ANTI-ALIASED FONTS

Generate anti-aliased Fonts, except in monochrome, 8 and 16 colors modes

bitmap2lcd-antialiased-font

 

Other buttons related to Fonts

Start  Create GLCD Font Data inside Text Editor

Start editable font  Export Selected Chars of a System Font to an Editable Font

exportcharw  Export the selected Char in the ASCII Grid to the WORK CANVAS

.

 

Bitmap2LCD : Info About The System Font Generator

Info About the System Font Generator

Standard Edition

Update V3.7c

Bitmap2LCD is a software tool for programming small Graphic LCDs in embedded systems and a programmable text and graphic processing tool.

Bitmap2lcd generates GLCD FONTS from UNICODE and ANSI SYSTEM FONTS  ( fonts currently installed in Windows ) and from EDITABLE FONTS, chars and symbols you can create yourself. Chars of a System Font can be exported to EDITABLE FONTS to be freely editable.

Font Chars can also be stretched. ( See below, the panel above the displayed Character A )

Info about Fonts in Bitmap2LCD

.

To Generate GLCD Font , ENTER and QUIT the Font Creation Mode, click the following buttons or the associated main menu items :

fontw Reload / Create Font Script

exiz Exit Special Mode > Exit Font Script

Start Generate the GLCD FONT DATA as defined in the FONT SCRIPT

bitmap2lcd-font-generator

bitmap2lcd-variable-and-fixed-fonts

Fig 1. At the left side, the FONT PANEL and and the right side, the FONT SCRIPT located in one of the TEXT EDITORS

Blue arrow : The FONT SCRIPT is NOT a directly editable script. The purple Parameters displayed  are defined with all the other arrows shown on the above screenshot.

Yellow Arrow : Select the SYSTEM Font , the Font Size, ANSI or UNICODE Chars ( script > Font Script Filename, Type, Name and Size )

Orange Arrow: Select the chars to generate in the ASCII Grid. Selected Chars are displayed in Color Aqua Blue. To clear all the selected chars in one click, click the Aqua Blue <Clr> button in the bar of icons. ( script > Selected Chars List )

Red Arrow: Font Height and Width limitations. A the right side, you can change from FIXED to VARIABLE LENGTH FONT. ( script > Font Size )

Green Arrow: Here you can move and frame all the chars in four directions. ( script > Font Size )

Purple Arrow: Here You select the direction of the GLCD Font data ( script > Font Orientation  )

FONT SCRIPTS (blue arrow) are saved to disk as [.FSC] files, and can easily be reloaded from inside the FILE EXPLORER (fig 2.). There’s a dedicated FONTS Folder (red arrow) . The font files there are filtered.

Bitmap2lcd GLCD Font Script Files

 

Example of Generated GLCD DATA for monochrome Display (Fixed Length 5×7 Font, Vertical Data Output)

/* @ 0 Char:’A’ Width in bits :5 */

0x20,     /* __#_____ */

0x50,     /* _#_#____ */

0x50,     /* _#_#____ */

0x70,     /* _###____ */

0x88,     /* #___#___ */

0x88,     /* #___#___ */

0x00,     /* ________ */

/* @ 7 Char:’B’ Width in bits :5 */

0xE0,     /* ###_____ */

0x90,     /* #__#____ */

0xE0,     /* ###_____ */

0x90,     /* #__#____ */

0x90,     /* #__#____ */

0xE0,     /* ###_____ */

0x00,     /* ________ */

Export Font Data to Binary File : Data Structure

Bitmap2LCD is a tool for programming small Graphic LCDs in embedded systems and a programmable graphic and text processing tool.

Export Font Data to Binary File : Data Structure

Standard Edition , Update V3,7c

When you export the Font Script to a Binary File, the data array is sent to the Hex Editor and saved as a .hex to Disk.

Output + Settings Main Menu :

bitmap2lcd-generate-binary-files

See below the data structure inside the Hex Editor.

In the following example the generated Font is Arial Unicode Size 10 , ANSI, Selected Chars are A B and C

Structure :

1st Line , red area 00 03 = Number of chars (decimal)

2nd Line, Character Info between 55 AA   ….  AA 55

00 01  Type of Font  >> 0001 = ANSI  >> 0002 = UNICODE  >> 0003 Editable Font

00 36  Char Data Count (decimal)

00 10 Char Width (decimal)

00 18 Char Height (decimal)

00 2D Char ASCII ( Optional > ANSI, Editable font ) or Unicode Char Address (hex)

00 50 First Address Next Char (hex)

Blue Area = Char Pixels data

Green Area = Data Filler, Forces next Char to begin from line begin

bitmap2lcd Font to Binary